Read the latest magazines about Yetzirah and discover magazines on Yumpu. com. El SEPHER YETZIRAH en Español y · felizond. El SEPHER. Podemos entender como los poetas de la literatura Hebrea cuando se en su Libro el Sefer Yetzirah, denominada El Nombre de Dios en Hebreo, esta. Manuscritos Hebreos y Arameos de la Biblia (Rome, ), pp. This device was apparently also used by Saadia Gaon in his commentary on Sefer Yetzirah, p.
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The history of the study of the Sefer Yetzirah is one of the most interesting in the records of Jewish literature. Besides these three letters, which are called “mothers,” a distinction is also drawn between the seven “double” letters, which have two different sounds according to inflection, and the twelve “simple” letters, espaoll remaining characters of the alphabet which represent only one sound each.
The latter are those organs which perform functions in the body independent of the outside world, being the hands, feet, kidneys, gall, intestines, stomach, liver, pancreas, and spleen; and they are, accordingly, subject to the twelve signs of the Zodiac. Mysticism in religious Zionism. The difficulty is rendered still greater by the lack of a critical edition, the present text being much interpolated and altered.
God’s covenant with Abraham is described as being two-fold:. Although most Muslims believe this book to have long perished it is speculated that this may be a reference to Sefer Yetzirah as Jewish tradition generally ascribes authorship of that book to Abraham.
In other projects Wikisource. According to modern historians, the origin of the text is unknown, and hotly debated. An intimate relation exists between the Sefer Yetzirah and the later mystics; and although there is a marked difference between the later Kabbalah and the Sefer Yetzirah for instance, the Sefirot of the Kabbalists do not correspond to those of the Sefer Yetzirahthe system laid down in the latter is the first visible link in the development of Kabbalistic ideas.
Thus, the name Sefer Yetzirah could refer to the act of creating or forming the cosmos, or to the cosmos itself, or both. The longer recension, on the other hand, was little known, the form given in the editio princeps of the Sefer Yetzirah being probably a copy of the text found in Donnolo’s commentary. In its relation to the construction of the cosmos, matter consists of the three primordial elements, which, however, are not chemically connected with one another, but modify one another only physically.
Mysticism after Spanish expulsion.
From these premises the Sefer Yezirah draws the important conclusion that “good and evil” have no real existence, for since everything in nature can sephsr only by means of its contrast, a thing may be called good or evil according to its influence over man by the natural course of the contrast.
By means of these elements the actual creation of the world took place, and the ten Sefirotwhich before this had only an ideal existence, became realities. The Sefer Yetzirah is exceedingly difficult to understand on account of its obscure style. Isaiah Horowitz Abraham Azulai. The seven apertures in man jetzirah him with the outer world as the seven planets join heaven and earth.
Since there is a specific Hebrew word for the creation of the cosmos briah it is more likely that the meaning refers to formation, or formed-object, or both. On the doubled reish and on the background of Sefer YetzirahYehudah Liebes, footnote 9 and associated text.
Selective influence on Western thought. As regards the relation of the two recensions, it may be said that the longer form contains entire paragraphs which are not found in the shorter, while the divergent arrangement of the material often modifies the meaning essentially.
The last sentence describes how God “connects” the 22 letters of the Torah to Abraham’s tongue, and reveals its secret to Abraham.
The Sefer Yetzirah shows how the sephirot are a creation of God and sn will of God in its varied manifestations. The Clementine writings present another form of gnosis which agrees in many points with the Sefer Yetzirah. The water formed the earth; heaven was produced from the fire; and the ruach produced the air between heaven and earth.
Thus in the three prototypes of creation the contrasting elements fire and water are equalized by air; corresponding to this are the three “mothers” among the letters, the mute Mem contrasting with the hissing Shin, and both being equalized by Aleph. The “dragon” rules over the world matter and the heavenly bodies ; the sphere rules time; and the heart rules over the human body.
A cryptic story in the Babylonian Talmud states that “On the eve of every ShabbatJudah HaNasi ‘s pupils, Rab Hanina and Rab Hoshaiahwho devoted themselves especially to cosmogonyused to create a delicious calf by means of the Sefer Yetzirahand ate it on the Sabbath.
In addition to the doctrine of the Sefirot and the letters, the theory of contrasts in nature, or of the syzygies “pairs”as they are called by the Gnostics, occupies a prominent place in the Sefer Yetzirah.
The letters are distinguished, moreover, by the intensity of the sound necessary to produce them, and are accordingly divided into:.
In addition to these two principal recensions of the text, both versions contain a sepber of variant readings which have not yet been examined critically.
According to Rabbi Saadia Gaonthe objective of the book’s author was to convey in writing how the things of our universe came into existence. Mantua; HebrewBooks.
While the ideas of heaven and hell are left unmentioned in the book, it teaches that the virtuous man is rewarded by a favorable attitude of nature, while the wicked man finds it hostile to him.
The seven double letters produced the seven planets, the “seven days,” and the seven apertures in man two eyes, two ears, two nostrils, and one mouth.
God drew them, hewed them, combined them, weighed them, interchanged them, and through them produced the whole creation and everything that is destined to come into being” ii. Academic interest in Jewish mysticism. This doctrine is based on the assumption that the physical as well as the moral world consists of a series of contrasts mutually at war, yet pacified and equalized by the unity, God. Retrieved 23 April Barzillai and Nahmanidesand it was, therefore, published in the ordinary editions.